1394 (1390-1400) | 1394 Sumatra Earthquake


This earthquake is uncertain. Daly et al. (2019) discovered significant historic relocation of settlements in Northern Sumatra based on archeological data. They conclude that a tsunami significantly affected the coast.
Since there is no further evidence on this earthquake, it is estimated to be much smaller than the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman tsunami.

Events in the same region
Date Title Region Preferred Magnitude Quality*
0950s 10th Century Sumatra-Andaman Paleo-Earthquake Sumatra-Andaman 9 D
1394s 1394 Sumatra Earthquake Sumatra-Andaman 8.3 D
1400s 15th Century Sumatra-Andaman Paleo-Earthquake Sumatra-Andaman 9 D
1679s 1679 Andaman Earthquake Sumatra-Andaman 8 D
1907 Jan 04th, 06:19 1907 Sumatra Earthquake Sumatra-Andaman 8.3 B
  • Daly et al. (2019) -Daly, P., Sieh, K., Seng, T. Y., McKinnon, E. E., Parnell, A. C., Feener, R. M., ... & Majewski, J. (2019). Archaeological evidence that a late 14th-century tsunami devastated the coast of northern Sumatra and redirected history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(24), 11679-11686. - Link
Event Characteristics
Preferred Magnitude 8.30 (8.00-8.50)
Epicenter 2.000°N, 97.000°E
Depth unknown
Tsunami yes
Paleo-Event yes
Quality of Evidence D

Magnitude Range
Year Reference Magnitude
2019 Daly et al. (2019) 8.3 (8-8.5)

This table lists some of the most relevant publications in estimating the moment magnitude of this earthquake. If you think there are other important or new publications, please get in contact.