| 1627 Luzon Earthquake


This event comes with major uncertainties. There is only limited record. In Wiegel and ASCE (1980), an eye witness report from Northern Luzon is provided: "... trees were overthrown by the terrific force of the waves of the sea, which invaded the land for a distance of a league, and in that area the land could not be seen".

This description highlights a major tsunami event inundating a large area. The NGDC database lists 5 more reports on this event describing major structural damage and destruction to several settlements (including several monestaries.

There are repeated reports of subsided mountains and hills.

Considering the effects described for the provinces of Illocos Norte and Cagayan, a new epicenter was proposed North of both provinces along the Luzon Trench. There is some chance, that the tsunami was caused by a landslide.

Events in the same region
Date Title Region Preferred Magnitude Quality*
1627 1627 Luzon Earthquake Luzon 8 D
  • GHEA (GHEC v1.0) -Albini P., Musson R.M.W., Rovida A., Locati M., Gomez Capera A.A., and Viganò D. (2014). The Global Earthquake History. Earthquake Spectra, May 2014, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 607-624. http://doi.org/10.1193/122013EQS297 - Link
  • NGDC - - Link
Event Characteristics
Preferred Magnitude 8.00 (7.50-8.00)
Epicenter 18.860°N, 120.900°E
Depth unknown
Tsunami no/unknown
Paleo-Event no
Quality of Evidence D

Magnitude Range
Year Reference Magnitude
2014 GHEA (GHEC v1.0) 7.5
2010 NGDC 8

This table lists some of the most relevant publications in estimating the moment magnitude of this earthquake. If you think there are other important or new publications, please get in contact.