12/16/1575 | 1575 Valdivia Earthquake


Lomnitz (2004) describes the event as follows:
"All five stockades in the Indian Territories (Imperial, Valdivia, Villarrica, Osorno, and Castro) were destroyed. More than twenty people were killed in the Valdivia outpost. The tsunami reached the outpost "while the earth was still shaking" and a bore developed in the Valdivia River (as in 1960) "so that one could see the stones" on the bottom. The tsunami was observed as far north as Concepcion. Nearly 100 Indians drowned near Imperial. There were damaging aftershocks. Large landslides blocked the outlet of Lake Rinihue, again as in 1960. Four months later the landslide at Rinihue was overtopped and more than 1,200 Indians were drowned."

Events in the same region
Date Title Region Preferred Magnitude Quality*
0620s 620 Valdivia Paleo-Earthquake Chile 8.5 D
0770s 8th Century Valdivia Paleo-Earthquake Chile 9 D
1120s 12th Century Chile Paleo-Earthquake Chile 8.8 D
1320s 14th Century Chile Paleo-Earthquake Chile 8.8 D
1570 Feb 08th, 09:53 1570 Concepcion Earthquake Chile 8 C
1575 Dec 16th, 19:23 1575 Valdivia Earthquake Chile 8.5 C
1647 May 13th, 23:23 1647 Valparaiso Earthquake Chile 8.5 C
1657 Mar 15th 1657 Chile Earthquake Chile 8 C
1730 Jul 08th, 05:23 1730 Valparaiso Earthquake Chile 8.7 C
1751 May 25th, 06:23 1751 Concepcion Earthquake Chile 8.8 C
  • GHEA (GHEC v1.0) -Albini P., Musson R.M.W., Rovida A., Locati M., Gomez Capera A.A., and Viganò D. (2014). The Global Earthquake History. Earthquake Spectra, May 2014, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 607-624. http://doi.org/10.1193/122013EQS297 - Link
  • Lomnitz (2004) -Lomnitz, Cinna. "Major earthquakes of Chile: a historical survey, 1535-1960." Seismological Research Letters 75.3 (2004): 368-378. - Link
Event Characteristics
Preferred Magnitude 8.50 (8.00-8.50)
Epicenter -39.800°N, -73.200°E
Depth unknown
Tsunami yes
Paleo-Event no
Quality of Evidence C

Magnitude Range
Year Reference Magnitude
2014 GHEA (GHEC v1.0) 8.5 (8-8.5)
2004 Lomnitz (2004) 8.3 (8-8.5)

This table lists some of the most relevant publications in estimating the moment magnitude of this earthquake. If you think there are other important or new publications, please get in contact.